A WSN consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensor nodes that cooperatively network among themselves and monitor environmental conditions, which can be applied in Agriculture fields to monitor microclimate.
In each village, 20 WSN nodes are installed at 150m distance, covering approximately 80 acres in a village. Each WSN node is comprising the following components.
These nodes will sense the micro-climate at crop canopy level on real-time basis and transfer to the data periodically to the remote server, through a field ‘Gateway’ having internet access. At server level ‘Decision Support Models’ are executed based on the data received from the field and alerts are generated for pest forewarning or irrigation scheduling. Based on the alerts generated by the system, experts will send personalised crop advisories to the farmers in regional languages.